Belmont el al. Children of mothers 40 and over were excluded from the study. The effect of maternal education is much larger—approximately one IQ point per year of maternal age among whites, somewhat less. Total variance explained ranges from 20 to 35 percent. I met Jacqueline, a chain-smoking year-old from South Africa who talked at length about her recent trip to the hospital. Names for her characters often come from the San Antonio phone book; "she leafs through the listings for a last name, then repeats the process for a first name. There was no relationship for whites.
Caramelo primarily takes place in those settings as well, but part of the book details the narrator's experiences as a teenager in San Antonio, TX. This study did not control for the SES of the mothers, however. In she established the Macondo Writers Workshopwhich provides socially conscious workshops for writers, and in she founded the Alfredo Cisneros Del Moral Foundation, which awards talented writers connected to Texas. Apparently, it started as a way to judge the contestants' "athleticism," but in my opinion—shared by many—it's really a degrading, body-shaming competition. It's a lot to take on at Her work experiments with literary forms and investigates emerging subject positions, which Cisneros herself attributes to growing up in a context of cultural hybridity and economic inequality that endowed her with unique stories to tell.